How do I Check and Add Engine Coolant?

Coolant circulates through the engine and absorbs heat, helping keep the engine at the right operating temperature. Coolant helps keep your engine working as efficiently as possible and keeps its emissions low. You should check your vehicle’s coolant level every time you fill-up the fuel tank. And if you ever need to add coolant, here’s how to do it.

Before you start

  • Check your Owner's Manual to find your vehicle’s correct engine coolant. The different engine types require different coolants. You should not mix coolant types. This can potentially cause engine damage.
  • Obtain the correct amount of coolant.
  • Roll up or remove loose clothing, and keep your arms away from the cooling fan. The fan can turn on automatically, even when the engine is off.
  • Never remove the coolant reservoir cap when the engine is running or still hot. Let it cool down first.
  • Put a towel or a thick cloth on the reservoir cap before removing it, as the cap is under pressure.

Checking and adding engine coolant

  1. Make sure your engine is off and cool, the vehicle is in Park (P) or Neutral (N), and the Parking brake is set.
  2. Open the hood and locate the engine coolant reservoir. It is often a translucent white color and has a hose connecting it to the radiator.
  3. The reservoir has a fill range marked on the side. If your engine is cold, the coolant level should be up to the cold fill line.
  4. Loosen the reservoir cap just a little, then step back while the pressure is released. Then, remove the cap completely.
  5. If the coolant level is low, add the correct coolant to the reservoir (not the radiator itself). You can use a diluted coolant by itself or a 50/50 mixture of concentrated coolant and distilled water.
  6. When the coolant rises to the cold fill line, replace the cap, tighten it until you feel it click, and close the hood.

Visit your local dealership for a coolant replacement if you are unsure about adding the coolant yourself. For specific information on your vehicle, please refer to your Owner's Manual.